Lucknow,India is renowned for its old aura which is the main town of Uttar Pradesh. The site was the metropolitan area of the region’s several dynasties. It still has some of the old-fashioned monuments and structures which add heritage to the city center of Lucknow.
The founding of the town of Lucknow is believed to have begun in the 13th century AD. A big fort in Bijnor is considered to have been built in the central section of the city with the name Lakshman Tila. The fort was reported to be asserted and controlled in the eve of the 13th century by the Sharqi rulers of the place called Jaunpur until AD 1476. Sher Shah Sur, who was the Delhi sultan in 1540, then purchased the fort.
Lucknow was then called Oudh under the rule of the Mughal Empero Akbar from 1556 to 1605. At that time, it was under imperialism that the place began to bloom. The Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah made the appointment in 1724 to Nawab Sadat Khan-Burhanul Mulk as Governor of Lucknow. This event was the point of departure for the Nawabs’ rule over Lucknow until the eve of the 1800s.
Asaf-ud-Daula, last of Oudh’s Nawabs had his former capital at Faizabad, and in 1775 moved it to Lucknow. He is Lucknow ‘s leader, who began building monuments in the town in order to modernize it. In 1774, Lucknow was starving, leading the Nawab to provide the locals of the region with food for work. Nawab Asaf designed a dual policy on this construction to ensure that all local residents who were willing to work were employed which was of great help to the employees, who totalled 22,000 people.
The British invaded and took control of the city of Lucknow in 1854. India began to revolt against the British government after three years, and after a while British soldiers retreated to the place of residence. The residency was ruined after the 87-day siege of Sir Colin Campbell against Indian forces.
For the Indians, the year 1947 has been a memorable year since they finally regained their independence from the colony of Britain. Lucknow then became Uttar Pradesh ‘s capital and now the current Indian Prime Minister is Atal Behari Vajpayee’s home town.
History of Lucknow
Lucknowis currently the centre of Uttar Pradesh, the Indian state. It’s said that Lucknow’s name comes from Lakshman, Lord Rama ‘s brother. The Suryavanshi Dynasty ruled that place in the ancient days according to Hindu mythology with Lord Rama as a king. Lakshman had a different name and Lakhan was named Lakhanpur. Lucknow belonged in the Awadh region in the 14th century. After 1350 AD it was controlled by the Delhi Sultanate.
A separate governor was appointed for administration of the area when Awadh was under the Mughal rule. Nawabs was named, and later Nawab of Awadh was named. Saadat Khan was converted into Awadh’s Nazis in 1722. In Faizabad near Lucknov he had his capital. During that time the 2 main Ganga and Yamuna rivers were flowing through the region, Awadh was very fertile. The place was therefore known as the Indian granary. The third Nawab Shuja Ud Daula, since he had plenty of wealth, did not want to be under the British control. It was fought and defeated in the war of Buxar by East India Company.
The colonial government did not directly control Awadh because they did not need to get the foolishness of Marathas and Mughals. But the kingdom of Awadh became stronger after the Mughal empire disintegrated.
In 1775, Asaf Ud Daula, Awadh ‘s fourth Nawab, transferred its capital to Lucknow. He was a caring and patronizing ruler in the arts. He also participated in the region’s architectural facilities such as Bara Imambara, Chota Imambara and Rumi Darwaza. The throne was raised by Wazir Ali Khan in 1798.
He was replaced by Saadat Ali Khan, Asaf ‘s brother, Ud Daula, as his aim of independence. Saadat Ali Khan has been forced into the to the British to abolish his troops and served as a marionette king. Awadh was portion of the mughal dynasty until 1819 and it was authorized by the constitution of 1801 to use the large treasure houses of Awadh by the british empire.
In 1856, the region was directly controlled by the British. Awadh region was annexed by the British as per the dogma of Lapse. The Nawab of that time, the Wajid Ali Shah, and Sir Henry Lawrence, were imprisoned. Subsequently, in the 1857 rebellion, the son of Wajid Ali Shah, 14 years old, and Birjis Qadra of Begum Hazrat darbar has been made ruler.
Lucknow remained 18 months in the hands of the rebels following the events of 1857. It was again controlled by the British after the Siege of Lucknow. Between the national party and the democratic party the Lucknow accord of 1916 was signed in Lucknow to increase its popularity. Khilafat ‘s movement also had its Lucknowbased base. The region fused with Agra and Oudh provinces, and in 1920 Lucknow became its commercial hub.
Lucknow became the main town of Uttar Pradesh after India was independent. Now, Lucknow photos and Lucknow videos prove the same which is the top ten fast-growing cities of India.
Lucknow is even the state’s capital by touring Nawabi Town, a part of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the banks of Gomti, has a unique and yet completely Indian identity, slightly different from the rest of the Indian towns. Lucknow has maintained its culture well-known for its city ways and mannerisms. The city still has a tension of lavishness dominated by the high profile and pompous Nawabs.
Nawabi and Rajera structures are dotted throughout the town. Since years, Lucknow was congested a little and could be an alien to the city. Lucknow lived. However, the splendor and the magnificence it holds will surely benefit from it. The city soon became famous and became huge enough to be regarded as the largest and most prosperous city in the country. Founded by Nawab Saadat Khan Burhan-ulmulk, a scion of a small-term dynasty.
Even in the British period the glory was well preserved. The Times of London was said to have compared it with illustrious Rome sometime around the nineteenth century. Lucknow developed a taste for arts such as poetry and dancing during the Nawabs.
Lucknow has a rich history of culture and architecture. Nawabi buildings and British structures remain a major spot for city visitors. Bara Imambara is one of the most completes of Islamic art. The Nawab Tomb is a massive structure. The maze is especially interesting and can keep you busy almost a day.
It is worth visiting La Martiniere College, one of the oldest schools in the country.The building is a marvel and has been featured in many Indian films. Jami Masjid has an enormous structure and a majesty of yellow sandstones. The mosque is among the finest in the region and the biggest in the city.
One place that should not miss if you stay in Lucknow is the Lucknow residency. The ruins of the once glorious building today bear witness to the sangrient disappearance of the British.
Without shopping here, tourists can not move out of Lucknow. For shoppers, it is a complete paradise. The best shopping here certainly are the works of Chikankari and Zardosi. Lucknow is most renowned for Moghlai and Awadhi food when it comes to food.
A visit to Lucknow can only show you its wealth in its tumultuous streets and cluttered bazaars. The city offers a labyrinth of many chances to explore a unique and enchanting world.
Historic Attractions From Lucknow
A trip to Lucknow ensures lots of merriment. The city is a smorgasbord of delights offering a world of delectable cuisines and loads of satiating sightseeing experience. While Tunday ke Kebab has become something of an institution, monuments such as Imambara and Residency have stirred the imaginations of filmmakers and renowned novelists.
This erstwhile city of nawabs has also inherited a legendary historic legacy. While visiting Lucknow, one may conveniently check out the nearby destinations of Kanpur and Sitapur. Take a closer look at some of the most popular attractions in Lucknow and the destinations of Kanpur and Sitapur by checking out this Lucknow travel guide.
A Tour of Bara Imambara
The Bara Imambara is probably the biggest highlight of one’s Lucknow travel. This humongous structure is especially well known for its central hall, which is said to be the largest known arch room in the world. The interesting thing is that the hall does not has a single pillar for support. This has even earned it the epithet, ‘Gravity Defying Palace’. The famous Bhool Bhulaiya of Lucknow is also a part of the Bara Imambara and is located on the upper floor of this grand building. For those who are not aware of the Bhool Bhulaiya. It is a highly confusing maze and you are unlikely to find your way out of it without a guide. Overall, the Bara Imambara is so famous that it has become one of the mainstays of the burgeoning Lucknow tourism industry.
The journey of Sikandar Bagh
Starved for some natural beauty during your travel to Lucknow? Well, head to the Sikandar Bagh. The beauty of this serene garden belies the fact that it was a witness to the violent revolt of 1857. Built during Nawab Saadat Ali Khan’s reign in 1800 AD, the Sikandar Bagh has been named after the beautiful wife of Wajid Ali Shah, the last monarch of Oudh. The huge well maintained lawns here are like a sea of tranquility. A pavilion in the center of the garden hosts astounding performances by classical and folk artists. A visit to the Sikandar Bagh definitely deserves to be included in your travel planner for Lucknow.
Visit the Kaiserbagh Palace
Another lovely historic attraction for your Lucknow tour. This magnificent palace was built on the orders of Wajid Ali Shah, who is known more for his artistic talents such as poetry and singing rather than handling affairs of the state. Well, this structure is the outcome of this romantic man’s attempt to build a structure with an aspiration to make it the 8th wonder of the world. Naturally, the Kaiserbagh Palace was bound to become a tremendous architectural feat. While Mughal styles have been used in the construction of pavilions, the decorative statues here are of a European style. Definitely, plan a trip here when you visit Lucknow.
Visiting Lucknow by Air
You stand fair chances of bagging cheap flights to Lucknow as the Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport here is one of the busiest airports in North India. Naturally, it serves many airlines and travelers can pick the best of the lot. Some of the airlines using this airport are Air India, IndiGo, Jet Airways, and GoAir. Before you plan your tour, carefully check out the lowest available fares.
Tourist Places near Lucknow
A couple of reasonably popular tourist places near Lucknow are Kanpur and Sitapur. In case, you plan to visit these destinations, check out this travel planner to both Kanpur and Sitapur from Lucknow.
Trip to Kanpur
The Lucknow to Kanpur distance is approximately 80 km. There are quite a few options for traveling from Lucknow to Kanpur. You may travel from Lucknow to Kanpur by car in about 1 and a half hours. Numerous travelers also go from Lucknow to Kanpur by bus. Those interested in rail journey would be happy to know that fares for Lucknow to Kanpur trains start at about Rs 50.
Trip to Sitapur
The distance from Lucknow to Sitapur is about 240 km. By car, this journey takes around four hours’ time.
Lucknow – The Multicultural Constantinople of India
Lucknow is one of the oldest cities in India whose foundation was laid during the thirteenth century. It is the capital of Uttar Pradesh and historically it is referred to as Awadh. The entire city is famous for its royal grandeurs, marvelous gardens, kebabs, Urdu and music.
This city is commonly referred to as the ‘City of Nawabs’ and the Constantinople of India because of its amazing building architecture and construction.
It is the second largest city within the northern region of India after Delhi. This marvelous city is located at the historically renowned Awadh region. The city was founded by Nawab Asif Ud Daula and it has grabbed the designation of a multicultural city. The city of Lucknow explains a great and glorious historical era and hence it is rightly known as the cultural center of Northern India.
Besides being one of the fastest growing industrial areas, the city of Lucknow has also emerged as a wonderful tourist destination of India. It offers some of the most prominent tourist attractions such as Bara Imambara, Chota Imamabara, Rumi Darwaza, Sikandar Bagh and many other must visit attractions within the city area.
Bara Imambara is a magnificent example of architecture built by Asaf-ud-Daula. This marvelous monument holds a very deeply rooted cultural, historical and sentimental significance. The monument includes Bhul-Bhulayah, Asfi mosque and summer palace.
The Bara Imamabara reflects a unique construction style. It is said that the hall of the building has the largest arched hall in the world. The length of the hall is about fifty meters while its height is around fifteen meters. The most fascinating thing about its construction is that the blocks used for construction have an interlocking system. The building is constructed without using any sort of girders and beams. The roof of the building is intact without the support of pillars.
The complex also accommodates an amazing maze known as Bhulbhulaiya located at the upper floor of the building. This monument gives you an opportunity to take a glimpse of the entire city from the top of the building.
Chota Imambara exhibits a perfect amalgamation of the structural design of Charbagh, Islamic and Persian architecture. This incredible building was established in the year 1837 has now become a historical landmark of the city. The design of the building followed the Charbagh pattern having a stream of water running at the middle of the garden. The interior of the building exhibits a great Arabic calligraphy and glassworks.
Rumi Darwaza is another Impressive architecture of the city which was built in the year 1784 by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula. The Gate is also known as Turkish Gateway as it is believed the design is the replica of the gateway in Constantinople. The height of the gate is around sixty feet with an octagonal Umbrella at the top of the gate. It also exhibits a lantern placed at the top of the gate to light up the structure at night.
This is a must visit tourist destination in Lucknow as it truly stupendous to watch the architecture of the gate.
The city also accommodates several parks attracting a lot of people during holidays and weekends. Some of the most prominent parks of city include Swarn Jayanit Park, Aurobindo Park and Ambedkar Memorial and Lohia Park that one would not afford to miss.